Milena Pavlović-Barili (alt. Barilli) (1909-1945) (Милена Павловић-Барили) was a Serbian painter and poet, born on November 5, 1909 in Požarevac, Serbia, and died on March 6, 1945 in New York City, state of New York, United States of America.
Her Italian father Bruno Barilli was an influential composer, her Serbian mother, a distant relative of the Karađorđević dynasty studied art. Milena herself studied at the Royal school of arts in Belgrade, Serbia, but was influenced by many western schools and artists. The topics of her work varied from portraits to imaginative interpretations of biblical stories. The motifs often included dream-like situations, veils, angels, statues of Venus goddess, and Harlequins. Many of her works are parts of permanent exhibitions in Rome, New York, Museum of Contemporary Art (Belgrade), and her hometown of Požarevac, where the house in which she was born has been converted into a museum in her honor.